Sex- und Genderaspekte in der Forschung

In der biomedizinischen Forschung wird das biologische und/oder soziale Geschlecht von Patient*innen oft vernachlässigt. Um Unterschiede bei der Entstehung und Entwicklung von Krankheiten zu verstehen und passende Therapien zu entwickeln, ist es wichtig, biologische und soziale Geschlechterunterschiede in der Forschung zu berücksichtigen.

Auch Forschungsförderinstitutionen wie die Europäische Union und die Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), aber auch einige Fachzeitschriften knüpfen Förderung und Veröffentlichung daran, dass Geschlechteraspekte in der biomedizinischen Forschung berücksichtigt werden.

BIH Excellence Award for Sex and Gender Aspects in Health Research

Mit dem BIH Excellence Award for Sex and Gender Aspects in Health Research verfolgt das BIH das Ziel, Sex- und Genderaspekte in der translationalen Forschung stärker ins Blickfeld zu rücken. Er wurde erstmals 2017 vergeben und wird alle zwei Jahre ausgeschrieben. Mit dem Preis fördert das BIH exzellente Wissenschaftler*innen, die in der Grundlagen- und/oder klinischen Forschung arbeiten und Geschlechteraspekte integrieren.


Nachfolgend finden Sie eine Übersicht mit Initiativen und Organisationen, die sich mit Geschlechteraspekten in der medizinischen Forschung befassen

Charité - Institut für Geschlechterforschung in der Medizin

Das Ziel des Instituts für Geschlechtermedizin ist die systematische Untersuchung von Geschlechterunterschieden in Gesundheit und Krankheit, ihre Einführung in die Lehre und die Erarbeitung und Implementierung von geschlechtersensiblen Strategien in die Krankenversorgung.



Canadian Institute of Health

Here you can find tools from the Canadian Institute of Gender and Health to better integrate sex and gender into research by their Sex and Gender-Based Analysis (SGBA). Take a look at their action plan and learn how CIHR is meeting its commitments to SGBA.


Check out their new video:  Assessing Sex and Gender in Peer Review


the first European Research Area Network (ERA-NET) to be dedicated to the promotion of gender equality

Berlin Institut of Health

A pilot transnational research policy initiative funded by the European Commission under the Science in Society work program of the seventh Framework Program (FP7), developed an Online IGAR ToolRecommendations for Integration of Gender Analysis into Research 

Gender Diversity Impact- GEDII

Improving research and innovation through gender diversity

Berlin Health Innovations

Funded by the European Union under the program Horizon 2020, GEDII looks to study the impact of gender diversity on research productivity, quality and innovation which is very unevenly evidenced.


Gendered Innovations

A program which aims to harness the creative power of gender and gender analysis for innovation and discovery. Read more here .

National Institutes of Health

Sex and gender research

By instructing researchers to take sex and gender into account as they develop their research questions, design experiments, analyze data, and report results, NIH continues to deliver the kind of rigorous science that drives the medical advances we need. Take a look at their online course series on “ The Science of Sex & Gender in Human Health ” and learn more about method and techniques. 

The SAGER Guidelines: Sex and Gender Matter

BIH endorses the Sex And Gender Equity in Research (SAGER) guidelines written by the Gender Policy Committee of the European Association of Science Editors. See the below infographic available for download.

See here for an article outlining the rationale for the SAGER guidelines and recommended use, published in Research Integrity and Peer Review, an international, open access, peer reviewed journal.

Heidari, S., Babor, T. F., De Castro, P., Tort, S., & Curno, M. (2016). Sex and gender equity in research: rationale for the SAGER guidelines and recommended use. Research Integrity and Peer Review, 1(1), 2.

Weitere infos...

Here you will find a selection of useful links on sex and gender in research from the BIH, at other institutions in Berlin and around the world. 


06.11.2019 Tannenbaum, C. et. al. Article About "Sex and gender analysis improves science and Engineering"

05.28.2019  Shansky, RM. paper on: "Are hormones a" female problem "for animal research?." Science364 (6443), 825-826.

13.05.2019 Pawlowski, A. The invisible woman? The challenge at the doctor's office every woman needs to know about. Today. 

"A pervasive gender bias in medicine leads to patients being misdiagnosed or dismissed as complainers."

09.02.2019 Edition on "Advancing Women in Science, Medicine", and Public Health. The Lancet. Volume 393, number 10171, p493-610, e6-e28

"Sex and Gender Differences and Biases in AI for biomedicine and healthcare" Davide Cirillo et al. (2020), npj Digital Medicine, volume 3

"The Impact of Sex Differences on Genomic Research" S. Oertelt-Prigione, E. Mariman (2020), iJBCB, Volume 124

Science Open specific search engine for articles relating to sex and gender in medicine. Access here (EN)

''Sex differences in pharmacokinetics predict adverse drug reaction in women'' - Irving Zucker and Brian J. Prendergast (2020) Biology of Sex Differences


Korsvik, TR & Rustad, LM (2018) What is the gender dimension in research: case studies in interdisciplinary research. Kilden, Lysaker, Norway . Accesible online as PDF.

GenderMed-Wiki: GenderMed-Wiki dient als Austausch- und Wissensplattform zu Themen rund um Geschlecht und Medizin. Access here (DE)

Videos and Postcasts

  • Sabine Oertelt-Prigione. (22.01.2019). The concerted effort to include sex and gender in (bio)medical Research. Available on Youtube here. 

Talk given by Prof. Sabine Oertelt Prigione in the context of the LIBRA ( workshop on "Sex and Gender in Research and Experimental Design".

  • Russ Altman and Londa Schiebinger. (23.02.2019) The Future of Everything with Russ Altman:"Institutions Must Add Gender Diversity in Their Ranks and in Research with guest Londa Schiebinger" Available on Soundcloud here

Londa Schiebinger, professor of the history of science at Stanford School of Humanities and Sciences, explores the role of sex and gender in science. She explains why diverse research teams have better outcomes and why technologists must consider women from the outset.

  •  Chloe Bird, Ph.D. (06.06.2019) Advancing Understanding of Sex & Gender Influences on Health & DiseaseAvailable on Youtube here.

Chloe Bird, Ph.D., Senior Advisor to the Director of the NIH Office of Research on Women’s Health (ORWH), talks about how increasing our understanding of sex and gender influences on health and disease is critical to advancing women’s health research and improving the health of everyone. Using data from the USA. Dr. Bird clarifies the distinction between sex and gender and explores the intersection of internal, biological factors and external, contextual factors that affect health and disease across a woman’s life course. This 22-minute lecture serves as an excellent introduction to core principles and a conceptual framework that guide ORWH’s programs and initiatives to advance science for the health of women.